Taxonomy. Superdivision: Spermatophyta. Division: Angiospermae. Class: Dicotyledoneae. Family: Compositae (Asteraceae). Genus: Artemisia. PDF | The essential oil of Artemisia judaica L oil was analyzed by GC and GC/MS . Aproximately 95% of the components were identified, with piperitone (%). Artemisia judaica L. in Huys R, Kihara T C (). Systematics and phylogeny of Cristacoxidae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida): a review. taxonomic.
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Common names for various species in the genus include mugwortwormwoodand sagebrush. Artemisia comprises hardy herbaceous plants and shrubswhich are known for the powerful chemical constituents in their essential oils. Artemisia species grow in temperate climates of both hemispheres, usually in dry or semiarid habitats. Notable species include A. The leaves of many species are covered with white hairs. Most species have strong aromas and bitter tastes from terpenoids and sesquiterpene lactoneswhich discourage herbivoryand may have had a selective advantage.
Some botanists split the genus into several genera, but DNA analysis  does not support the maintenance of the genera CrossostephiumFilifoliumNeopallasiaSeriphidiumand Sphaeromeria ; three other segregate genera StilnolepisElachanthemumand Kaschgariaare maintained by this evidence.
Occasionally, some of the species are called sages, causing confusion with the Salvia sages in the family Lamiaceae. The aromatic leaves of some species are used for flavouring. Most species have an extremely bitter taste. Artemisia absinthium is used to make the highly potent spirits absinthe. The aperitif vermouth derived from the German word Wermut”wormwood” is a wine flavored with aromatic herbs, but originally with wormwood.
Artemisia arborescens tree wormwood, or sheeba in Arabic is an aromatic herb indigenous to the Middle East used in tea, usually with mint. A few species are grown as ornamental plantsthe fine-textured ones used for clipped bordering.
All grow best in free-draining sandy soil, unfertilized, and in full sun. Artemisia stelleriana is known as Dusty Miller, but several other species bear that name, including Jacobaea maritima syn. Senecio cinerariaSilene coronaria syn.
Lychnis coronariaand Centaurea cineraria. The largest collection of living Artemisia species, subspecies and cultivars is held in the National Collection of Jkdaica in Sidmouth, Devon, UK, which holds about taxa. Artemisinin from Artemisia annua and derivatives artemiaia a group of compounds with the most rapid action of all current drugs used to treat malaria.
Artemisia cina and other Old World species are the source of the antihelminthic drug, santonin. Chinese mugwort, Artemisia argyiis used in traditional Chinese medicine.
Artemisia capillaris Thunberg A. Artemisia austriaca has beneficial effects in reducing the withdrawal syndrome of morphine. Artemisia has been mentioned and used in popular culture for centuries. A few examples are:. Classification of Artemisia is difficult. Section Tridentatae consists of eleven to thirteen species of coarse shrubs, which are very prominent parts of the flora in arteemisia North America.
The principal motive for their separation was geographical distribution, chemical makeup, and karyotype. Autopolyploidy among plants is not uncommon, however Tridentatae exhibits a remarkable amount of chromosomal differences at the population level, rather than the taxon level.
This contributes to the difficulty in determining Tridentatae’s phylogeny. Traditional lineages within Tridentatae were proposed on the basis of leaf morphology, habitat preference, and the ability to leaf-sprout, among other morphological and behavioral characteristics.
Intergrading forms are particularly common in recently radiated subgenera such as Tridentataegiven their frequent reversals and convergent evolution. Recent, global reviews of Artemisia using ITS analysis support the hypothesis that Tridentatae has independent origins from Old World Seriphidium  These findings were compared with capitula morphology, challenging past arhemisia based on floral characteristics.
Artemisia (genus) – Wikipedia
To better understand the rapid diversification and radiation relative to Old World Artemisiaa closer study of Beriginian or Arctic species may provide missing links. Section Tridentatae includes above species with exception of Artemisia longilobawhich is treated as a subspecies of Artemisia arbuscula.
Section Nebulae includes Artemisia californicaArtemisia nesioticaand Artemisia filifolia. The Old World species which different classifications put into the genus or subgenus Seriphidium consist of about species native to Europe and temperate Asia, with the largest number of species in Central Asia.
One group which is well-supported by molecular data is subgenus Dracunculus. It consists of 80 species found in both North America and Eurasia,  of which the best-known is perhaps Artemisia dracunculusthe spice tarragon.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Artemisia Artemisia cina Levant wormseed  Scientific classification Kingdom: Type species Artemisia vulgaris L. Artemisia arborescens — tree wormwood Artemisia arbuscula Nutt.
Aro Artemisia australis Less. Artemisia bejdemaniae Leonova Artemisia biennis Willd. Gray — Bigelow sage, Bigelow sagebrush Artemisia borealis Pall. Artemisia borotalensis Poljakov Artemisia bottnica Lundstr.
Artemisia cana Pursh — silver sagebrush Artemisia canadensis Michx. Schmidt — santonica, Levant wormseed Artemisia ciniformis Krasch. Artemisia czukavinae Filatova Artemisia daghestanica Krasch. Artemisia genipi Weber ex Stechm. Filatova Artemisia gypsacea Krasch. Druce Artemisia indica Willd. Artemisia maracandica Bunge Artemisia maritima L. Artemisia montana Nakai Pamp. Artemisia nachitschevanica Rzazade Artemisia nakaii Pamp.
Zhao Artemisia occidentalisinensis Y. Ling Artemisia oelandica Besser Krasch. Artemisia olchonensis Leonova Artemisia oliveriana J. Gay ex Besser Artemisia ordosica Krasch. Ling Artemisia orthobotrys Kitag. Gray — San Diego sagewort Artemisia palustris L. Artemisia pallens Wall Artemisia pannosa Krasch. Gray — Parry’s wormwood Artemisia pattersonii A. Gray — Patterson’s wormwood Artemisia pectinata Pall.
Artemisia polysticha Poljakov Artemisia pontica L. Gray — pygmy sagebrush Artemisia quinqueloba Trautv. Gray — scabland sagebrush Artemisia rothrockii A.
Gray — timberline sagebrush Artemisia roxburghiana Wall. Filatova Artemisia saitoana Kitam. Artemisia santolina Schrenk Artemisia santolinifolia Turcz.
Artemisia schmidtiana — angel’s hair Artemisia schrenkiana Ledeb. Gray — alpine sagebrush, dwarf sagebrush Artemisia scotina Nevski Artemisia semiarida Krasch.
Artemisia serotina Bunge Artemisia serrata Nutt. Koch Artemisia spicigera K. Koch Artemisia spinescens D. Eaton — budsage [syn.
Category:Artemisia judaica – Wikimedia Commons
Picrothamnus desertorum ] Artemisia splendens Willd. Artemisia subchrysolepis Filatova Artemisia sublessingiana Krasch. Artemisia suksdorfii Piper — coastal wormwood, Suksdorf sagewort Artemisia sylvatica Maxim.
Artemisia szowitziana Besser Grossh. Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte — Chinese wormwood Artemisia viridis Willd.
Wang Artemisia wulingshanensis Bar. Ling Artemisia yongii Y. Ling Artemisia younghusbandii J. Ling Artemisia zhaodongensis G. Liou Artemisia zhongdianensis Y.
Ling Artemisia zollingeriana Sch. Artemisia tridentata Artemisia cana Artemisia nova Artemisia rigida Artemisia arbuscula Artemisia longiloba Artemisia tripartita Artemisia pygmaea Mudaica rothrockii. Flora of North America. Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. Retrieved July 4, Am J Chin Med. Pharmaceutical sciences,20 1 Accessed 12 Mayhttp: Retrieved 2 June Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System.