Giulio Douhet, The Command of The Air (/). Credit to Nicholas Morrow. Giulio Douhet, an Italian army officer who never learnt to fly. Command of the Air [Giulio Douhet, Charles a. Gabriel] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Reprint of the translation by staff of the. The Italian General Giulio Douhet reigns as one of the twentieth century’s foremost strategic air power theorists. As such scholars as Raymond Flugel have .
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However, subsequent conflicts would largely discredit Douhet’s theory. The Douhet model rests on the belief that in a conflict, the infliction of high costs from aerial bombing can shatter civilian morale.
First would come explosions, then fires, then deadly gases floating on the surface and preventing any approach to the stricken area. The Intellectual Preparation pp. The Command of The Air p. This would unravel the social basis of resistance, and pressure citizens into asking their governments to surrender.
In his second edition of The Command of the Air he maintained such aviation was “useless, superfluous and harmful”. Views Read Edit View history.
More than 70 years on, many of his predictions have failed to come true, but some of his concepts gaining command of the air, terror bombing and attacking commanx centers continue to underpin air power theory to this day. The Aerial Battle pp. Kohn, Book Published by: InItaly went to war against the Ottoman Empire for control of Libya.
Outside Italy, Douhet’s reception was mixed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Built on the Johns Hopkins University Campus. Targeting was central to this strategy and he believed that air commanders would prove themselves by their choice of targets. Fighters had the problem of getting aloft and finding their enemy before damage could be done. What defence was possible against the destruction of cities by aerial bombing? If the defence has proved more innovative and resilient than Douhet envisaged, the threat is real enough, and millions have indeed perished since in the holocausts of aerial destruction predicted in The Command of the Air.
This page was last edited on 11 Novemberat Nonetheless, even a false prophet often preaches partial truth. This emphasis on the strategic offensive would blind Douhet to the possibilities of air defense or tactical support of armies. Additionally, the numbers of guns needed to cover every potential target made this form of defence enormously expensive.
Heavy losses forced the Germans to switch to night bombing. The chief strategy laid out in his writings, the Douhet model, is pivotal in debates regarding the use of air power and bombing campaigns.
The British developed an early warning system linked with a command-and-control network that allowed their fighters to intercept bomber squadrons. In fact, he may never have learnt to fly. His theories were discussed and disseminated in France, Germany and America which were very receptive; In America, Billy Mitchell douhst a strong advocate.
The Command of the Air by Giulio Douhet : a Military Times Classic – Military History Monthly
Aviation in World War I. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Operations of June 17 pp. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Giulio Douhet – Wikipedia
In other words, the enemy air force was the primary target. He was exonerated in and promoted to general officer in Armies became superfluous because aircraft could overfly them and attack these centers of the government, military and industry with impunity, a principle later called ” The bomber will always get through “.
Then, indeed, the bomber got through. Inhe published a second edition, in which his conclusions were stated with yet greater force.
The air force that could achieve command of the air by bombing the enemy air arm tye extinction would doom its enemy to perpetual bombardment. As soon as one side lost command of the air it would capitulate rather than face the terrors of air attack. Though the initial response to The Command of the Air commmand muted, the second edition generated virulent attacks from his military peers, particularly those in the navy and army.
Airpower theories, a key proponent of strategic bombing. Without cookies your experience may not be seamless. In his book Douhet argued that air power was revolutionary because it operated in the commanc dimension.
The only defense was a good offense. This article needs additional citations for verification. The last category was particularly important to Douhet, who believed in the principle of total war. By smothering the enemy’s civilian centers with bombs, Douhet argued the war would become so terrible that the common people would rise against their government, overthrow it with revolution, then sue for peace.
The Evolution Of Airpower Theory.
The three-dimensional vastness of the sky and the speed with which aircraft moved through it precluded effective anti-aircraft gunnery.