Bereshith Rabbah (The Great Genesis) is a midrash comprising a collection of rabbinical homiletical interpretations of the Book of Genesis. It contains many. Books & Judaica: Parperaot LaTora El Midrash Bereshit (H) Menajem Becker [W] – The core of Jewish thought and it cosmovision finds its. I. The Earliest Exegetical Midrashim—Bereshit Rabbah and Ekah Rabbati. (For Midrash Shemu’el, Midrash Mishle, Midrash Tehillim see the several articles.).

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One may, as Bacher says, “speak in a certain sense of the completion of the haggadic Midrash as one speaks of the completion of the Talmud, although the works belonging to this class continued to be produced for five centuries or more after that time. Or, finally, the mass of haggadic matter was collected and edited in the exegetic midrashim proper—the midrashim par excellence, which formed either running haggadic commentaries to the single books of the Bible, or homiletic midrashim, consisting of discourses actually delivered on the Sabbath and festival lessons or of revisions of such discourses.

Levi, said, “He took counsel with the souls of the pious. The first traces of the midrashic exegesis are found in the Bible itself see Midrash ; while in the time of the Soferim the development of the Midrash Haggadah received a mighty impetus, and the foundations were laid for public services which were soon to offer the chief medium for the cultivation of Bible exegesis.

Theodor in “Monatsschrift,”pp. The opinion that the name of the midrash finds its explanation in the first words, “Rabbi Hosha’yah bereehit began.

Genesis Rabbah

The tradition that Rabbi Hosha’iah is the author of Genesis Rabba may be taken to mean that he began the work, in the form brreshit the running commentary customary in tannaitic times, arranging the exposition on Genesis according to the sequence of the verses, and furnishing the necessary complement to the tannaitic midrashim on the other books of the Torah.

Whole sections are devoted to comments on one or two verses of the text. The above-mentioned publications by Levy and Hoffmann on the tannaitic midrashim that had entirely disappeared, as well as the notes of the editor to many passages of the edited part, give an idea of the treasures contained in the Midrash ha-Gadol.


The chief difference in composition between the tannaitic midrashim and Bereshit Rabbah lies in the fact that the parashiyyot into which the latter is divided, begin, with a few exceptions, with proems, such as are always found midgash the beginning of the homilies collected in the homiletic midrashim. It was used for the critical edition issued by J.


Buber, Berdychev, ; to Proverbs ed. Nathan says in the “‘Aruk” s.

Many quotations in the Shulchan Aruch mention the passage of Genesis Rabba by the number of the section. He said, ‘What shall we do with this? Let the waters bring forth abundantly,’ etc. midraash


The work may have received its name, “Genesis Rabbah,” from that larger midrash at the beginning of Genesis, unless that designation was originally used to distinguish this midrash from the shorter and older one, which was ascribed to Rabbi Hoshayah.

The words of Zunz, the master of midrash study, in his chapter “Organismus der Hagada,” may serve to close the first, general part of the present survey: For these introductions, which are often quite lengthy, the material for the several expositions was ready at hand. But this liberty wished neither to falsify Scripture nor to deprive it of its natural sense, for its object was the free expression of thought, and not the formulation of a binding law” “G.

Though the stories embraced in Genesis furnished little occasion for comments on legal topics, Genesis Rabba contains a few short legal or halakic sentences and quotations taken from the Mishnah and other sources.

With whom did He take counsel? For the power of this exegesis lay not in literal interpretation and in natural hermeneutics. The passages were probably added at an early date, since they are not entirely missing in the older manuscripts, which are free from many other additions and glosses that are found in the present editions. He put him into a deep sleep [comp.

At the end of the first part, in the editio princeps only, is a valuable appendix, introduced by the remark that R. The old midrash contains many Berwshit interpretations which are exegetic in the truest sense of the word, affording a deep insight into the contemporary attitude toward the Scripture. Retrieved from ” https: For if He had revealed to them that the ungodly should descend from him, then the attribute of justice [‘middat ha-din’] would not have consented that he should be created.


Ek the stories included those are most characteristic of the work in which the author speaks through the mouth of the prophet Elijah; furthermore, many parables, maxims, prayers, and exhortations enliven the discourse.

Spira, Berlin,not ebreshit ; to the Psalms ed. What did the Holy One, praised be He? It is a midrash comprising a collection of ancient rabbinical homiletical interpretations of the Book of Genesis B’reshith in Hebrew.

The total number of the sections, both in the manuscripts and in the editions, varies from 97 to The interpretations which follow the proems and the halakic exordium in the halakic midrashim are confined, as mentioned above, to some of the first verses of the lesson. Joshua ek Shiknin, in the name of R. But the embellishment of beresjit sections with numerous artistic introductions — which points to a combination of the form of the running commentary with the form of the finished homilies following the type of the Pesikta and Tanhuma Midrashim — was the result of the editing of Genesis Rabba that is now extant, when the material found in collections and traditions of the haggadic exegesis of the period of the Amoraim was taken up in the midrash, and Genesis Rabba was given its present form, if not its present bulk.

The entire wealth of the haggadic Midrash hasbeen preserved in a series of very different works, which, like all the works of traditional literature, are the resultant of various collections and revisions, and the midrasn of all of which originated a long time before beresnit were reduced to writing.

The editor adds to the running commentary longer aggadic disquisitions or narratives, connected in some way with the verse in question, or with one of midrawh explanations of it — a method not unusual in the Talmud and in other midrashim. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Genesis Rabbah – Wikipedia

For the name, composition, origin, and edition of these midrashim see special articles and Midrash Halakah. Midrash Rabba Book of Genesis.

He answered, “It means one of his ‘sides’ [not ribs], as it is written, ” [‘And for the second side of the tabernacle’; Ex.

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