Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF), also known as idiopathic gingival hyperplasia, is a rare condition of gingival overgrowth. HGF is characterized as a . Hereditary, drug-induced, and idiopathic gingival overgrowth have been reported . Hereditary gingival fibromatosis can occur as an isolated. Mutation in SOS1, son-of-sevenless gene, is thought to be responsible for hereditary gingival fibromatosis. This report shows a case of.

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Orofacial soft tissues — Soft tissues around the mouth Actinomycosis Angioedema Basal cell carcinoma Cutaneous sinus of dental origin Cystic hygroma Gnathophyma Ludwig’s angina Macrostomia Melkersson—Rosenthal syndrome Microstomia Noma Oral Crohn’s fibrlmatosis Orofacial granulomatosis Perioral dermatitis Pyostomatitis vegetans.

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis

Epidemiology, pathogenesis and complications. Basal cell adenoma Canalicular adenoma Ductal papilloma Monomorphic adenoma Myoepithelioma Oncocytoma Papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum Pleomorphic adenoma Sebaceous adenoma Malignant: Rarely, it can also be present at birth. It was suggested to the parents that surgery should be performed with nitrous oxide sedation and local anesthesia, opting gingivao external bevel gingivectomy.

The gingival overgrowth usually begins at the time of eruption of permanent dentition[ 67 ] or less frequently with the eruption of primary dentition. It may develop as an isolated disorder but can feature along with a syndrome.

The excess gingival tissue, in this non-syndromic case was removed by conventional gingivectomy using local as well as general anaesthesia. Vanali V Umrania Room No.

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis: Characteristics and treatment approach

B Stage of eruption: J Dent Res ; In the second case, the external bevel technique allowed the gingivectomy and gingivoplasty to be performed without raising a flap, avoiding the need for suture, and was more conservative towards the developing DGJ. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment. Post surgically her facial profile improved dramatically and the patient was satisfied with the result [ Figure 3 ].


Hereditary gingival fibromatosis is a rare benign oral condition characterised by slow and progressive enlargement of both maxillary and mandibular attached gingiva.

The HGF is a rare condition of the gingival tissues characterized by enlargement of free and attached gingivae. Eagle gingivaal Hemifacial hypertrophy Facial hemiatrophy Oral manifestations of systemic disease. Dimensions of the dentogingival unit in maxillary anterior teeth: Cherubism, gingival fibromatosis, epilepsy, and mental deficiency Ramon syndrome with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Regarding the rarity of the condition only few case reports addressing the orthodontic management of the condition exist. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.

Hereditary gingival fibromatosis: Characteristics and treatment approach

Dermatitis Folliculitis Cellulitis Hidradenitis. Case Reports in Dentistry.

Case reports of a new syndrome associating gingival fibromatosis and dental abnormalities in a consanguineous family. Received Dec 4; Accepted Jan 7.

Hereditary Gingival Fibromatosis: A Review and a Report of a Rare Case

One type of procedure that can be executed is as follows: A year-old girl [ Figure 1 ] reported to outpatient department of Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George Medical University with presenting complaint of growth involving upper jaw and lower jaw, difficulty fibromatlsis eating food and speech impairment, and noneruption of teeth.


The symmetric form, which is the most common type of disorder, results in uniform enlargement of the gingiva that is firm, dense, resilient, insensitive fibrous tissue that covers the alveolar ridges and extends over the teeth resulting in extensive pseudo pockets. Gingival abnormalities of genetic origin: Though much more research needs to be done, researchers have mostly agreed that a mutation in SOS1son-of-sevenless gene, is responsible for this disease.

Dentistry involving supporting gingivl of teeth Periodontology. Profile view of the patient showing lip incompetency at rest. Gingival fubromatosis with hypertrichosis.

Intraoral examination of maxilla [ Figure 3 ] revealed a gross generalized growth of gingiva completely covering the maxillary teeth extending from right maxillary tuberosity to left tuberosity region. The patient was admitted to the fibromatosjs a day before the surgery where she was pre-medicated with requisite antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents Amoxicillin and Cloxacillin mg, in divided doses 12 hourly and Piroxicam 20 mg, 8 hourly.

Although, enlargement of gingiva, interdental papillahindered speech, and secondary inflammatory changes taking place in the mouth commonly at the marginal gingiva are all very indicative of this condition. How to cite this article: The hereeditary and her parents noticed gingival enlargement when she was seven years old with gradual spacing of teeth.

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